Coldplay

Coldplay

Chris Martin – circa 2005

 

“No one ever said it would be so hard / Oh, take me back to the start” – ‘The Scientist’ (Guy Berryman, Jonny Buckland, Will Champion, Chris Martin)

Ah, the life of a rock star!  It’s all girls, money, fame, drugs, booze and fast cars, right?  There’s not a care in the world if you are a rock star.  “I do worry – a lot,” says Chris Martin of British pop group Coldplay.  “I don’t drink, I don’t take drugs, I don’t smoke…I don’t actually own a car.”  Did this guy forget to read the rock star manual?  “I do an hour’s yoga and go running every day.”  Yet for all this personal fitness stuff, Chris Martin still struggles with the stress of being a rock star.  He worries a lot.

Christopher Anthony John Martin is born on 2 March 1977 in Whitestone, Exeter, Devon, England.  He is the son of Anthony Martin, an accountant, and Alison Martin (nee Fleming), a school teacher.  “I’m from a middle-class family in Devon,” Chris Martin says.  However, after Anthony Martin retires from his business – Martins of Exeter – in 1999, he is described as a ‘millionaire retired accountant and magistrate.’  Alison Martin is not just a school teacher, she is a music teacher.  Young Chris ‘thought that a piano was a standard piece of household furniture like a dining table.’  Unsurprisingly, Chris Martin quickly takes to playing piano and learns to play guitar as well.  The boy is raised as a Christian, a Roman Catholic.  Chris Martin reminisces about his childhood in these terms: “I climbed trees, built dens and rode my bike.  But I always had something to do with music.  When you live in the country, you can sing a lot because there is no one to disturb.  I always used to go on walks with my uncle and sing with him.”  Chris Martin is the eldest of five children.  His younger siblings are his brother Alex, his sister Rosie, his brother Rich and his sister Nicola (born in 1991).

Chris Martin attends the Hylton School.  He moves on to Exeter Cathedral School.  While attending that educational facility, 15 year old Chris Martin forms his first band, The Rocking Honkies.  Chris’ musical influences include Tom Waits, Scottish rock band Travis, U2 and A-Ha.  In later years, he also takes inspiration from such acts as Radiohead, Oasis and Muse.  Chris Martin goes on to board at Sherborne School in Dorset, where he meets Phil Harvey – who will become Coldplay’s manager.  Finally, Chris winds up at University College London where he reads Ancient World Studies.  His motivations are not purely academic.  “I needed to go to London and start a band there,” Chris explains.  While at University College London, Chris Martin meets the other three future members of Coldplay.  The first to cross his path is Jonny Buckland.

Jonathan Mark Buckland is born on 11 September 1977 in Islington, London, England.  He is the son of John Buckland and Joy Buckland.  John Buckland is a teacher.  Jonny is the couple’s second child.  He has an older brother, Tim.  The family moves to Pantymwyn in Flintshire, Wales when Jonny is 4.  John Buckland teaches at Holywell High School in Ysgol Treffynnon.  Jonny Buckland is educated at Ysgol y Waun then at Alun School (the latter is in the Welsh town of Mold).  Jonny recalls, “I wanted to be a footballer [i.e. a professional soccer player] from the age of 5 [but then] I wanted to be in a band from the age of 11.”  Encouraged by his elder brother Tim, Jonny Buckland starts playing guitar when he is 11.  Jonny’s early guitar influences include Eric Clapton, Jimi Hendrix, George Harrison (The Beatles) and The Edge (U2).  Other bands whose works later influence him are The Stone Roses, Ride and My Bloody Valentine.  Jonny Buckland studies Astronomy and Mathematics at University College London.  Buckland meets Chris Martin when they both attend orientation week at University College London in September 1996.  The two young men, bonded by their mutual musical ambitions, decide to form a band together.  At first, this group is called Pectoralz.  Chris Martin and Jonny Buckland are joined in this band by bassist Guy Berryman.

Guy Rupert Berryman is born on 12 April 1978 in Kircaldy, Scotland.  Guy’s father, Rupert Berryman, is an engineer who works on the Channel Tunnel, connecting France and the United Kingdom.  Construction starts in 1988 and the tunnel is opened to traffic in 1994.  In between those two dates, the Berryman family moves to Kent in England when Guy is 12.  Rupert Berryman’s position must be relatively well paid, because Guy recalls, “My dad really got me into old cars as he always had a sports car or two around the house growing up – MG’s or Triumphs.”  Guy has a brother named Mark.

Guy Berryman attended the Edinburgh Academy while living in Scotland.  In England, he is a student at Kent College in Canterbury.  In the school band, Guy plays trumpet and drums.  Unlike Chris Martin and Jonny Buckland, Guy Berryman is more into funk than rock.  Funk is an almost exclusively African-American genre of music that has a hard-edged dance groove.  “I’d just buy records by looking at the covers – the bigger the Afro, the better the record,” Guy explains.  Given his interest in funk (a music that emphasises the bass), it makes sense that Guy begins playing bass at the age of 13.  Although left-handed in all other ways, Guy plays bass right-handed.  Guy plays in a band called Time Out while he is at school.  Joanna Briston is described as Guy’s ‘childhood sweetheart’, so he may have met her around this time.  Inspired by his father, Guy decides to study engineering.  “I enrolled at the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering at University College London.  I was sure this would be my life.  Music was an important hobby, but still just a hobby.  However…,” Guy says, leaving the thought unfinished.  Guy Berryman has some difficulty with the engineering course and switches over to the Architecture program at The Bartlett (University College London’s School of Architecture).  When Guy joins Chris Martin and Jonny Buckland’s embryonic band in June 1997, the group changes its name from Pectoralz to Starfish.

Phil Harvey, Chris Martin’s former classmate from the Sherborne School, is also at University College London.  Phil Harvey is studying Classics.  Harvey is asked to become the manager of Starfish.

Starfish becomes Coldplay at the suggestion of Tim Crompton.  A fellow student at University College London, Crompton has been using the name Coldplay for his own group.  Chris Martin and company begin using the name Coldplay in 1998.  The line-up of the group is completed with the addition of Will Champion.

William Champion is born on 31 July 1976 in Pekin, Southampton, Hampshire, England.  He is the son of Timothy Champion and Sara Champion.  Timothy Champion is a Professor of Archaeology; his spouse is a Doctor of Prehistoric Archaeology.  Will is brought up in the suburb of Highfield, close to the University of Southampton where his father is employed.  Sara Champion also lectures at the University.  Will is the second child in the family; he has an elder brother.

Will Champion’s education starts at Portswood Primary School.  “It was quite rough but there was nothing I’d have hated more than public school,” says Will.  [Note: In the U.K., a ‘public school’ is one attended by the children of comparatively affluent parents, the elite.]  Next for Will comes Cantell Maths and Computing College, a secondary school.  Will’s tertiary education begins at Peter Symonds College.  “I can’t say I had a harsh childhood, but I’ve had a lot of things to deal with,” contends Will.

Will Champion learns to play piano and violin when he is 8 years old.  He takes up playing the guitar when he is 12.  “I started doing lessons on various instruments,” Will recalls, “but I didn’t enjoy doing them because I couldn’t read the music.  Instead, I would play songs from memory.  I think music first clicked as a creative pursuit when my mum taught me how to play three chords on guitar.”  Will Champion also learns to play bass and tin whistle.  “I was never really in bands,” Will asserts.  “My friends were playing football, instead.”  Will and his elder brother both play cricket for the Chandler’s Ford Cricket Club.  “I used to play music by myself, really.  I’d never been in a band before I joined Coldplay,” says Will.  This claim is somewhat undermined by Will Champion being in a band called Fat Hamster in pre-Coldplay days – but perhaps he does not regard Fat Hamster as a ‘proper’ band.

“Coldplay and drumming arrived simultaneously for me,” says Will Champion.  Chris [Martin], Jonny [Buckland] and Guy [Berryman] did three tracks on a four-track EP, and they needed drums.  They came to my house, because I lived with a guy with a drumkit.  He was a good drummer, but he didn’t turn up.  He was at the pub or something – so I just said I’d give it a go…”  This would appear to be on 31 July 1997.  “The next year they said, ‘Do you want to be in the band?’  I said, ‘Absolutely.’  I was desperate to be in a band.  I would have played kazoo [a toy-like wind instrument],” concludes Will.  This creates the definitive line-up of Coldplay: Chris Martin (vocals, piano, some guitar), Jonny Buckland (guitar), Guy Berryman (bass) and Will Champion (drums).  Their first rehearsal takes place in Jonny Buckland’s bedroom on 6 January 1998.  Will Champion lists his musical influences as Tom Waits, Nick Cave and traditional Irish folk music.  As a drummer, he admires Dave Grohl (Nirvana), Ginger Baker (Cream) and John Bonham (Led Zeppelin).

Within a week of Will Champion joining Coldplay, the band’s new drummer talks his way into getting the band their first gig.  This show takes place at a pub called the Laurel Tree in Camden.  Chris Martin remembers their early days with fondness: “I found it great occupying myself with Roman and Greek history [in my Ancient World studies at University College London].  But above all I had so much time to play with the band.  We practised every night, from six till nine.  We met at home after uni and played and played and played.  We put a blanket over the drums so they weren’t too loud.”

The situation is a bit less idyllic for bassist Guy Berryman.  After one year at University College London, Guy drops out of his Architecture course to focus on Coldplay.  While his bandmates continue to pursue their studies, Guy works as a barman in a local London pub.  Joanna Briston, Guy’s ‘childhood sweetheart’, is said to be ‘with’ Guy from 1998.  Perhaps this means that they begin to live together in 1998 or that their casual dating progresses to a more committed relationship at this time.

Following their performance in a pub at Camden, Coldplay play their first ‘real’ gig at a festival for unsigned bands in Manchester.  Their first EP is released shortly after that show.

The music of Coldplay is probably most often referred to as alternate rock.  This means music that bypasses mainstream charts and airplay.  Perhaps, at first, that is an appropriate description for Coldplay, but it quickly loses any meaning.  Coldplay find enormous commercial success so branding them as alternate rock in anything other than a vaguely spiritual sense just seems wrong.  Other labels applied to their recordings are post-britpop, space rock, art rock, indie pop, pop rock, rhythm and blues, electronica and synthpop.  At times, on specific songs or albums, those genres may be fair enough.  In general though, it seems simplest to just describe Coldplay as a pop group.  They are not even really a rock band.  Coldplay do not ‘rock’; they swell, in a manner more familiar from classical music.  At one point, Coldplay’s leader Chris Martin even says, “When I’m 40, too old to be a rock star, I plan to go back to college to study classical music.”  With some wit, Martin says that rather than being a hard rock band, Coldplay performs ‘limestone rock.’  (Limestone is a sedimentary rock – a ‘soft’ rock – built from the husks of marine organisms, rather than a metamorphic rock – a ‘hard’ rock – drawn up from the planet’s molten core.)  Chris Martin sums up Coldplay’s musical mission statement with these words: “You can try to be catchy without being slick, poppy without being pop, and you can be uplifting without being pompous…We wanted to be a reaction against soulless rubbish.”

In performance, Coldplay’s lead singer Chris Martin sometimes just sings without playing any instruments.  On other occasions, Martin strums an acoustic guitar while he sings.  The most frequent instance though is that Chris Martin plays piano while singing.  The enduring image is of Martin hunched over a keyboard.  This instrument seems to best convey the emotional content of the songs.  Guitarist Jonny Buckland’s echo-saturated, ringing guitar tones are reminiscent of the work of U2’s guitar player, The Edge.  “I’m not technically good at all,” Buckland says modestly.  “I’ve never gone in much for the solos.  I was always more interested in atmospherics.”  Bassist Guy Berryman may have been raised on funk, but there is not usually anything very funky about Coldplay.  Regardless, Berryman’s stoic bass-work fits in well with his comrades’ sound.  Will Champion, who had never played drums before joining Coldplay, says, “I still would maintain I’m not a great drummer.”  His greatest virtue may be in knowing when not to play.  Rather than raining down busy percussive elements, Will Champion adds drums when they will have the greatest impact and beneficial effect.  “A band’s only unique thing is its chemistry,” concludes Chris Martin.  “Especially, if none of you are prodigious players or particularly handsome.  The one thing you have is your uniqueness, so we hold on to that…We rely more on enthusiasm than actual skill…If one member left, we’d split up.  I don’t have any doubt about that.”

The songwriting credit for Coldplay’s material is jointly attributed to the four members: Guy Berryman, Jonny Buckland, Will Champion and Chris Martin.  In later years, co-credit is sometimes assigned to a guest artist or the source of some musical samples from outside the group.  In practice, it seems likely that Chris Martin is the group’s chief songwriter, though the credit (and associated financial royalties) is equally assigned to the quartet’s four members.  After Martin, Jonny Buckland is perhaps the next most prolific, some songs being worked up by Martin and Buckland together before being brought to the group.

Coldplay’s first recording is the EP ‘Safety’, issued on 18 May 1998.  This disc is self-released by the group and is really only intended as a demo recording to pique the interest of a record company.  Only five hundred copies of ‘Safety’ are pressed.  The three songs on this disc are ‘Bigger, Stronger’, ‘No More Keeping My Feet On The Ground’ and ‘Such A Rush’.

On 26 April 1999 Coldplay releases the single ‘Brothers & Sisters’ (UK no. 92) on the independent Fierce Panda label.  Two songs, ‘Easy To Please’ and ‘Only Superstition’, are on the B side.  Although this is technically a ‘single’, it has as many songs on it as the EP released the previous year.  (‘Brothers & Sisters’ is re-released as an EP late in 2002 by Brash Records.)

A recording contract is offered to Coldplay by the Parlophone label (through EMI).  According to legend, the offer arrives the same day that Coldplay’s leader Chris Martin is scheduled to sit his final exams in Ancient World studies at University College London.  Chris Martin still does the exam.  With the exception of bassist Guy Berryman, who has already dropped out, all the members of Coldplay complete their studies.  Guitarist Jonny Buckland works as a school cleaner and his earnings are used to support the band.  Coldplay sign a recording contract with Parlophone in 1999.

During the recording sessions for the next Coldplay release, band leader Chris Martin fires drummer Will Champion.  However, the band reconsiders and Champion returns soon after.

The first Coldplay recording issued by Parlophone is the EP titled ‘The Blue Room’.  It is released on 11 October 1999.  The EP contains five tracks.  Two of the songs – ‘Bigger, Stronger’ and ‘Such A Rush’ – are revisited from the ‘Safety’ EP.  They bracket the three new songs: ‘Don’t Panic’, ‘See You Soon’ and ‘High Speed’.  Two of these three songs – ‘Don’t Panic’ and ‘High Speed’ – show up on Coldplay’s first full-length album.

Coldplay begin their first headlining tour on 17 January 2000.  The tour continues for nearly two years – including a stopover for a performance at the Glastonbury Festival – before winding up on 7 December 2001.  The tour is named after the band’s first album, but that is done later because the disc is not released until midway through the tour.

In 2000 Coldplay’s leader Chris Martin dates Australian singer and actress Natalie Imbruglia but the relationship concludes before the end of the year.

Sara Champion, the mother of Coldplay’s drummer Will Champion, dies from cancer in 2000.  Coldplay’s first album carries the dedication, ‘This album is for Sara Champion.’

‘Parachutes’ (2000) (UK no. 1, US no. 51, AUS no. 2), Coldplay’s debut album, is released by Parlophone on 11 July.  The album is co-produced by Ken Nelson and Coldplay, with the exception of ‘High Speed’ which is produced by Chris Allison.  The album’s cover image – a spinning, sepia-toned model globe of the world on a stand – is designed and photographed by Coldplay.  Bassist Guy Berryman is later known for his interest in photography, but he is not singled out for credit here.  The album is perversely titled after the disc’s shortest track, a forty-six second snippet called ‘Parachutes’ that contains no lyrical reference to the title.  Guitarist Jonny Buckland leans into the notes on ‘Shiver’ (UK no. 35, AUS no. 57), Chris Martin’s vocal upper register keeping pace with Buckland’s playing.  The best known song from ‘Parachutes’ is ‘Yellow’ (UK no. 4, US no. 48, AUS no. 5).  The origin of the song dates back to the band taking a break during the recording of the album and stepping outside to look up at the night sky.  Bassist Guy Berryman comes up with the first four words of the lyric: “Look at the stars / Look how they shine for you / And everything you do / Yeah, they were all yellow.”  This is matched to Jonny Buckland’s nagging guitar riff.  There are contradictory accounts for the meaning of ‘Yellow’.  A friend identified only as Stephanie visits the studio during the recording and she ‘seems to have a yellow glow’ about her.  Chris Martin contends that, “The word ‘Yellow’ has absolutely no meaning whatsoever.”  Yet he also states, “’Yellow’ refers to the mood of the band, brightness and hope and devotion.”  The video for ‘Yellow’ is filmed on the beach at Studland Bay in the county of Dorset in South West England.  The video is directed by James Frost and Alex (no surname given) of The Artists Company.  Drummer Will Champion says of ‘Yellow’, the band’s first hit single, “It means a lot because it’s the thing that helped us get there.”  Chris Martin says of ‘Trouble’ (UK no. 10), a song on which his piano is more accentuated, “There were some bad things going on in our band…The song is about behaving badly towards somebody you really love and I was certainly doing that to some members of the band.”  There is a certain skittishness about tracks like ‘Don’t Panic’ (UK no. 130, AUS no. 57) and ‘Everything’s Not Lost’ that may be in line with first album nerves.  On the other hand, ‘High Speed’ suggests that, “Confidence in you / Is confidence in me.”  ‘Parachutes’ is said to be ‘full of sensitively delivered lyrics and melodic landscapes [while also] offering simple, sentimental songs that touch everyone’s heart.’  Chris Martin displays his predisposition towards both worrying and perfectionism when he says of this album, “We know that’s terrible music and we always try to think about what we can do next.”  Will Champion’s assessment may be a bit closer to the mark: “’Parachutes’ was very honest.  There were no frills to it.  It was quite raw.”

Early in 2001 Phil Harvey resigns from the role of Coldplay’s manager, becoming instead their ‘creative director’; Dave Holmes takes up the role of manager.

Coldplay visit the United States for the first time in February 2001, playing a ten-date round of shows.  The visit is beset by rumours that the group is about to split and frontman Chris Martin struggles with a cold and voice exhaustion.

‘Trouble – Norwegian Live’ EP is released on 17 August 2001.  It contains five songs recorded at Rockefeller Music Hall in Oslo, Norway.  The first live recording by Coldplay charts only in Norway.

‘A Rush Of Blood To The Head’ (2002) (UK no. 1, US no. 5, AUS no. 1) is Coldplay’s second album.  It is released on 27 August.  The album is co-produced by Ken Nelson and Coldplay.  The rather bizarre cover image of a partial human head and shoulders is the work of Sølve Sundsbø using a 3-D scanning machine and model in white make-up.  Coldplay set out to create ‘the most passionate, moving, melodic, uplifting and sad record of all time.’  That might be an overly ambitious goal, but they do succeed in making the best album of their career.  The naked emotion on display is breathtaking.  Musically, the band conveys more poise and present more thoughtful and inventive arrangements than on previous recordings.  ‘In My Place’ (UK no. 2, AUS no. 23) is a leftover from the sessions for ‘Parachutes’.  ‘In My Place’ is graced with a lovely bell-like guitar figure that soothes the worried admission that the singer has “Crossed lines I shouldn’t have crossed.”  A churchy synthesiser offer further succour.  The best track on the album – and the best in Coldplay’s career – is ‘The Scientist’ (UK no. 10, AUS no. 40).  The title is obliquely derived from a line in a verse: “I was just guessing / At numbers and figures / Pulling the puzzles apart / Questions of science / Science and progress / Don’t speak as loud as my heart.”  The sad, slow lament of Chris Martin’s piano is joined by Jonny Buckland’s acoustic guitar with the second verse, like a good friend propping up a troubled man.  It’s heart-breaking stuff.  “That’s just about girls,” Chris Martin says almost dismissively.  However, the liner notes for this album say, ‘The Scientist is Dan.’ i.e. Dan Keeling, the Artists & Repertoire man who signed Coldplay to Parlophone.  James Thrave’s video for ‘The Scientist’ plays in reverse.  So that Chris Martin appears to be singing as normal, the vocalist takes a month to learn to mime the lyrics backwards.  ‘The Scientist’ captures what is best about Coldplay: powerful, heartfelt emotions paired with a beautiful, unadorned melody.  ‘Clocks’ (UK no. 9, US no. 29, AUS no. 28) features a fantastic descending piano, the aural equivalent of a spiral staircase.  The breathy chorus of “You are, you are” disguises the title, which is buried in a verse: “Confusion never stops / Closing walls and ticking clocks.”  This song is described as ‘one of the finest achievements of Coldplay, the song’s piano progression remains the band’s signature creation.’  ‘God Put A Smile On Your Face’ (UK no. 100, AUS no. 43) is a vaguely off-kilter guitar strum-along.  Coldplay’s songs don’t get much more affecting than the chorus of ‘Warning Sign’ where Chris Martin’s plaintive voice eerily repeats, “The truth is / I miss you.”  The title track, ‘A Rush Of Blood To The Head’, is a dark, largely acoustic, modern folk song.  The lyrics intone, “I’m gonna buy this place is what I said / Blame it on a rush of blood to the head.”  The enigmatic ‘Green Eyes’ is reportedly written for an ‘American friend’…and guitarist Jonny Buckland.  ‘A Rush Of Blood To The Head’, Coldplay’s second album, is ‘more adventurous and concise [as well as being] significantly better than the first [album].’  Here, the band ‘churns out big-hearted British guitar rock.’

A serious-minded bunch, Coldplay publicise worthy causes such as Oxfam, ‘Make Trade Fair’, Greenpeace and Amnesty International.

In October 2002 Coldplay’s frontman Chris Martin meets Hollywood actress Gwyneth Paltrow backstage at one of Coldplay’s concerts.  Chris and Gwyneth start dating following this and become a couple.

The tour to support ‘A Rush Of Blood To The Head’ starts on 21 January 2003 and continues to 8 September 2003.  A new level of commercial success is experienced by Coldplay.  “I think we the best band in the world,” the group’s leader Chris Martin now says.  ‘Previously self-conscious onstage [he] has developed into something of an extrovert dancer, turning himself in circles with arms thrown wide, even when he is loaded down with a guitar.’  It is not all good times.  By the time he is 25, Chris Martin is afflicted with tinnitus, a persistent ringing in his ears.  This may be due to the volume at Coldplay’s concerts.

‘Coldplay Live 2003’ (2003) (UK no. 46, US no. 13, AUS no. 16) is released on 1 November.  This concert recording documents performances from the Hordern Pavilion in Sydney, Australia, on 21-22 July 2003.  This album is notable because of a new track premiering on this set.  ‘Moses’ is written about Gwyneth Paltrow, the new love of Coldplay’s Chris Martin: “Like Moses had power over the sea / So you’ve got power over me.”  This is a reference to the Christian Bible wherein Moses parts the Red Sea to lead Christians to safety.

Coldplay’s drummer Will Champion becomes the first member of the group to marry when he weds Marianne Dark, a teacher, in 2003.  Will and Marianne go on to have three children: a daughter named Ava (born on 14 April 2006) and fraternal twins, a daughter named Juno and a son named Rex (both born on 7 May 2008).

On 5 December 2003 Coldplay’s leader Chris Martin marries U.S. actress Gwyneth Paltrow.  Chris and Gwyneth subsequently have two children: a daughter named Apple (born on 14 May 2004) and a son named Moses (born on 8 April 2006).  Apple is also the name of the daughter of Marty Diamond, Coldplay’s U.S. booking agent, and Chris and Gwyneth obtained his permission to give their child the same first name.  Moses is named after the 2003 Coldplay song Chris wrote about his love for Gwyneth.

In 2004 Coldplay’s bassist Guy Berryman marries his childhood sweetheart Joanna Briston.  The marriage takes place in the city of Westminster.  Guy and Joanna go on to have a daughter named Nico (born on 17 September 2006).

Coldplay’s Twisted Logic tour runs from 29 April 2005 to 4 March 2007.  It is named after a track from Coldplay’s third studio album – which is released just over a week after the start of the tour.

‘X & Y’ (2005) (UK no. 1, US no. 1, AUS no. 1), Coldplay’s third studio album, is released on 7 June.  The disc is co-produced by Coldplay, Ken Nelson and Danton Supple.  The album cover is designed by Tappin Gofton (Mark Tappin and Simon Gofton).  The Lego-like colours and blocks are a visual representation of Baudot code, a system created for telegraph transmission in 1870.  The disc’s first single, ‘Speed Of Sound’ (UK no. 2, US no. 8, AUS no. 9), is one of Coldplay’s more instantly appealing songs.  “That’s a song where we were listening to a lot of Kate Bush last summer and we wanted a song that had tom-toms on it [as on Bush’s ‘Running Up That Hill’],” explains Coldplay’s creative centre, Chris Martin.  He adds, “I just had my daughter also, and was reeling kind of in awe and wonderment, so the song is kind of a Kate Bush song about miracles.”  Since this is Chris Martin talking, he also frets, “We never got it right…[It was] a sh*t recording.”  Chris Martin’s new mother-in-law, actress Blythe Danner, claims that the piano ballad ‘Fix You’ (UK no. 4, US no. 59, AUS no. 25) was written for her daughter, Gwyneth Paltrow, after the death of Gwyneth’s father (and Danner’s husband), Bruce W. Paltrow.  Chris wrote the song on an old keyboard Bruce Paltrow gave him and the sleeve of ‘X & Y’ says the album is ‘For BWP’ (i.e. Bruce W. Paltrow).  Chris Martin describes ‘Fix You’ as “probably the most important song we’ve ever written.”  ‘Talk’ (UK no. 10, US no. 86, AUS no. 20) samples (with permission) the riff from the 1981 song ‘Computer Love’ by German techno-boffins Kraftwerk.  A string section buttresses Chris Martin’s synthesiser on this song.  ‘The Hardest Part’ (AUS no. 40) shows flashes of warmth as in the lyric, “The sweetest taste in my mouth / Silver lining of clouds.”  However, this is an exception to the overall tone.  ‘X & Y’ is, generally, a colder, more hi-tech recording.  ‘Twisted Logic’ refers to “Hundreds of years in the future / There could be computers / Looking for life on Earth,” but the machines already seem to pervade this album.  Art rock pioneer Brian Eno supplies synthesisers on ‘Low’, beginning his relationship with Coldplay.  Tracks like ‘Square One’, ‘White Shadows’ (a song about childhood, seeing offspring as little white shadows of their parents) and ‘X & Y’ all show traces of a musical chill.  Quite why the song – or album – is titled ‘X & Y’ is a mystery, unless it is about men and women, genetically separated by the X and Y chromosomes.

“I think people are a bit sick of us,” observes Coldplay’s Chris Martin while explaining that they intended to have a longer break between ‘A Rush Of Blood To The Head’ and ‘X & Y’ but they felt pressured (by the record company?) to provide a follow-up.  This statement ignores that there is still a significant, nearly three-year gap between the two albums.  Later, Martin looks back and says, “I had a couple of years in the mid-2000s where it was really confusing to me.  I was like, ‘Why is our band sometimes a punch line?’”

In March 2007 Coldplay’s bassist Guy Berryman separates from his wife, Joanna Briston.  Their three-year marriage ends in divorce.  In 2007 Guy Berryman dates Danish model Helena Christensen, but the relationship doesn’t go on beyond 2007.

Coldplay’s guitarist Jonny Buckland and his girlfriend Chloe Evans become parents with the arrival of their daughter, Violet (born in May 2007).

Coldplay’s next album, ‘Viva La Vida Or Death And All His Friends’ (2008) (UK no. 1, US no. 1, AUS no. 1), is released on 17 June.  The album is co-produced by Marcus Dravs, Brian Eno, Jon Hopkins and Rik Simpson.  A reproduction of the painting ‘Liberty Leading the People’ (1830) by Eugene Delacroix is on this album’s cover – though it has the disc’s title splashed across it.  The album’s name, ‘Viva La Vida’, is Spanish for ‘live the life’ or ‘long live life’.  This is an artier album, offering richer musical tapestries.  Interlinked songs create the feel of a larger, more cohesive canvas.  Brian Eno is credited with ‘sonic landscapes.’  ‘Violet Hill’ (UK no. 1, US no. 1, AUS no. 2) is Coldplay’s most commercially successful single.  It is an unlikely winner given that it is a dark and jagged tale of impoverishment and hard times.  Yet, it still holds on to love with the sentiment, “If you love me / Won’t you let me know.”  Allegedly, ‘Violet Hill’ is an anti-war protest song.  The song’s rhythm is reputedly borrowed from 1960s British rock titans The Beatles.  Consequently, the track is named ‘Violet Hill’ after a street name near Abbey Road, the recording studio associated with The Beatles.  ‘Lovers In Japan’ (UK no. 131) offers a vaguely oriental melody.  ‘Lost!’ (UK no. 54) pairs gospel keyboard textures with a shuffling rhythm to oddly comforting effect.  The romantic ‘Strawberry Swing’ (UK no. 158) is almost a country music tune with a pseudo-hoedown feel.  By contrast, the song titled ‘Yes’ visits India for inspiration.  The album’s instrumental opening track, ‘Life In Technicolor’ is stripped of its vocals but is still a sugar rush.  The title track, ‘Viva La Vida’, is shorn of virtually all the traditional instruments of a rock band, offering instead synthesisers and a string section.  The lyric is equally strange and defiant: “I hear Jerusalem bells a-ringing / Roman cavalry choirs are singing / Be my mirror, my sword and shield / My missionaries in a foreign field / For some reason I can’t explain / Once you’d gone it was never, never an honest word / And that was when I ruled the world.”  It’s not exactly rock ‘n’ roll, but it works.  (Note: On 4 December 2008, noted guitarist Joe Satriani files a copyright infringement suit against Coldplay, claiming ‘Viva La Vida’ borrows from Satriani’s 2004 song ‘If I Could Fly’.  The case is settled out of court.)  The album’s closer – and alternative title track – ‘Death And All His Friends’ grows from hushed piano intimacy to florid widescreen waves of sound: “No, I don’t want a battle from beginning to end / I don’t want a cycle of recycled revenge / I don’t want to follow death and all of his friends.”  It also samples (legally and with acknowledgement) ‘Light Through The Veins’, a piece by Jon Hopkins, an electronica and dance music artist (though Hopkins’ own recording of it is not released until the following year, 2009).

Coldplay’s ‘Viva La Vida’ tour takes place from 23 June 2008 to 11 March 2010.

Coldplay releases the EP ‘Prospekt’s March’ (UK no. 38, US no. 15, AUS no. 50) on 21 November 2008.  Like ‘Viva La Vida’, this disc’s cover also features a reproduction of a painting by Eugene Delacroix.  In this case, the painting is ‘The Battle of Poitiers’ (1830), a recreation of a historical event in 1356 during the Hundred Years’ War between England and France.  The most notable track on the EP is ‘Life In Technicolor II’ (UK no. 28, AUS no. 63), the same catchy pop song that opened ‘Viva La Vida’ but with its vocal restored instead of being an instrumental.  Other familiar titles here are ‘Lost +’ (now with an added rap by Jay-Z) and ‘Lovers In Japan (Osaka Sun Mix)’.  That leaves five previously unheard songs on the EP.  The best of the bunch is ‘Prospekt’s March / Poppyfields’ which progresses from dark folk, through added strings to an expansive musical vista.  ‘Postcards From Far Away’, ‘Glass Of Water’ and ‘Rainy Day’ are all pleasant, if light, and ‘Now My Feet Won’t Touch The Ground’ is a bare-bones acoustic piece.  ‘Viva La Vida’ is subsequently repackaged with ‘Prospekt’s March’ as a two disc set in a gatefold sleeve.  This makes sense as the EP sounds like an expansion or companion piece to the album.

When Coldplay performs at London’s O2 Stadium in December 2008, the support act is The Domino State, the band whose line-up includes Tim Buckland, elder brother of Coldplay guitarist Jonny Buckland.

On 14 March 2009 Coldplay joins an all-star cast of mainly Australian bands at the Sound Relief charity concert at the Sydney Cricket Ground in Australia.  Proceeds from the concert are donated to victims of bushfires in the Australian State of Victoria and floods in the Australian State of Queensland.

‘LeftRightLeftRightLeft’ (2009) is a Coldplay live recording.  It is issued only as a free digital download on 15 May; it is not sold through conventional outlets.

Coldplay’s guitarist Jonny Buckland marries Chloe Evans on 14 November 2009.  Jonny and Chloe already have a daughter, Violet (born in May 2007).  The couple goes on to have a son, Jonah (born in November 2011).

Coldplay bassist Guy Berryman’s photography hobby becomes more professional in 2009.  In 2010 Guy and his brother Mark form their own antiques company.

Coldplay releases an original festive season song, ‘Christmas Lights’ (UK no. 13, US no. 25, AUS no. 32) for digital download on 1 December 2010.

In February 2011 the parents of Coldplay’s frontman Chris Martin split up after thirty years together.  His retired 69 year old father, Anthony Martin, is apparently in a new relationship.  Alison Martin, Chris’ 57 year old mother, moves out of the family home and works as a music teacher.  Chris is reportedly very close to his father, but the whole situation is troubling for him.

Coldplay’s next tour runs from 31 May 2011 to 1 January 2013.  It is named after the album the band releases in October 2011.

‘Mylo Xyloto’ (2011) (UK no. 1, US no. 1, AUS no. 1) is the title of the Coldplay album issued on 25 October.  The album is co-produced by Marcus Dravs, Daniel Green and Rik Simpson.  Although it is not obvious, ‘Mylo Xyloto’ is ‘a thematic rock opera…The story of a war against sound and colour by a supremacist government, set in the world of Silencia.’  Mylo is a boy who acts as a Silencer, a government agent, who hunts down a girl named Xyloto who is a Sparker, which is something akin to a graffiti artist.  This explains why the gaudy, scrappy cover art is put together by Tappin Gofton in association with the British street artist known as Paris.  Coldplay’s leader Chris Martin describes ‘Mylo Xyloto’ as being “based on a love story with a happy ending.”  The album has really only about half as many songs as it appears at first glance.  A series of short musical interludes – each with its own title – are inserted between almost every full-length song on this set (e.g. the forty-three second title track).  The album’s first single, ‘Every Teardrop Is A Waterfall’ (UK no. 6, US no. 14, AUS no. 14), works hard to remind listeners of Coldplay’s facility for the gentler emotions.  “I turn the music up / I’ve got my records on…I feel my heart start beating to my favourite song,” runs part of the lyric, as Coldplay seem to consider their place in music history, stating, “I’d rather be a comma than a full stop.”  ‘Every Teardrop Is A Waterfall’ borrows a sample from Peter Allen’s 1976 song ‘I Go To Rio’.  ‘Paradise’ (UK no. 1, US no. 15, AUS no. 3) is perhaps the catchiest piece present.  “When she was just a girl / She expected the world / But if flew away from her reach / So she ran away in her sleep / And dreamed of para, para, paradise…Every time she closed her eyes,” sings Chris Martin.  Brian Eno is credited with ‘Enoxification’ on this album and has a co-credit on this song.  ‘Paradise’ was created as a winner’s song to be performed on the 2010 series of television talent show ‘The X Factor.’  However, Coldplay’s drummer Will Champion vetoed the idea and insisted the band retain ‘Paradise’ for the ‘Mylo Xyloto’ album.  ‘Charlie Brown’ (UK no. 22, AUS no. 78), a song of romantic misfortune, seems to take its name from Charles Schultz’s cartoon character, renowned for his bad luck.  ‘Princess Of China’ (UK no. 4, US no. 20, AUS no. 16) features additional vocals by Barbadian pop princess Rihanna.  She sings, “Once upon a time / We were burning bright / Now all we ever seem to do is fight / On and on.”  ‘Princess Of China’ samples ‘Takk’, a 2005 recording by Icelandic act Sigur Ros.  ‘Hurts Like Heaven’ (UK no. 157) is a fair distillation of love and pain, the underlying themes of ‘Mylo Xyloto’.

According to Coldplay’s creative font Chris Martin, it is also about this time that he decides “to let go of the concept of trying to please everybody…I don’t mind not being cool.”  Somewhat undermining Martin’s Zen poise is the revelation in January 2012 that he is taking Ambien a.k.a. Zolpidem, a sedative used for the treatment of insomnia.  “I have a lot of trouble sleeping.  It’s to do with [album releases] and what to take and not to take…I have probably twelve hundred little bits of paper with notes, which when the Ambien really starts to kick in, don’t really make much sense.  Say what you like about prescription drugs, but they do help when you’re sequencing a record.”

Coldplay’s bassist Guy Berryman begins dating Dutch model Keshia Gerrits in 2012.  The couple becomes engaged in March 2014.  At that time, Berryman’s Coldplay colleague Chris Martin says of the bass-player, “He’s a handsome b*****d.”

Coldplay performs at the closing ceremony of the London 2012 Paralympic Games on 9 September 2012.

‘Coldplay Live 2012’ (2012) is released on 19 November.  This set captures concert performances during Coldplay’s ‘Mylo Xyloto’ tour.  There are songs recorded in the U.K., the U.S. and France.  The accompanying DVD footage shows Coldplay wearing fluoro wristbands and playing their hits in front of semi-graffiti art while Chris Martin busts out his yoga-inspired stage moves.

‘4 CD Catalogue Set’ (2012) (UK no. 124, AUS no. 31), released on 26 November, puts together Coldplay’s first four studio albums – ‘Parachutes’ to ‘Viva La Vida’ – in one package.

The Coldplay single ‘Atlas’ (UK no. 12, US no. 69, AUS no. 30), released on 6 September 2013, comes from the soundtrack to the movie ‘The Hunger Games: Catching Fire’ (2013).  This song about carrying the weight of the world starts as a sparse piano piece but builds as it progresses.

Coldplay’s frontman Chris Martin separates from his wife, Gwyneth Paltrow, in March 2014.  Their divorce is finalised on 15 July 2016.  “I have a wonderful separation-divorce.  It’s a divorce – but it’s a weird one,” Martin later claims.

Once again, Coldplay’s next tour is named after the album released shortly after the commencement of the tour.  Coldplay is on the road from 25 April 2014 to 6 December 2014.

‘Ghost Stories’ (2014) (UK no. 1, US no. 1, AUS no. 1) is the Coldplay album issued on 20 May.  The album is still on the Parlophone label, though from 2013 Parlophone is a subsidiary of Warner Bros rather than EMI.  This album is co-produced by Avicii (a.k.a. Tim Bergling), Coldplay, Paul Epworth, Daniel Green, Jon Hopkins and Rik Simpson.  The album’s cover image of angelic wings – perhaps not coincidentally also having the general shape of a broken heart – is an etching by U.K. based Czech artist Mila Furstova.  This album is inspired by the break-up of the marriage of Coldplay’s leader Chris Martin and Gwyneth Paltrow.  The band’s style of composing alters a bit with this album.  Chris Martin invited his bandmates to contribute original songs instead of building off his ideas.  As Martin more colourfully expresses it, “Please could someone else start a song!”  The album’s first single, ‘Magic’ (UK no. 10, US no. 14, AUS no. 5), is built on a bass riff supplied by the group’s bassist, Guy Berryman.  Accordingly, ‘Magic’ sounds a bit different, a more experimental sound with deliberate beats.  However, ‘Magic’ is perhaps not very representative of the album’s mood of heartbreak.  The hushed and spectral ‘Midnight’ (UK no. 48, US no. 29, AUS no. 25) may be a more logical example of this disc, though it does lean on some hi-tech keyboard support.  On the other hand, ‘A Sky Full Of Stars’ (UK no. 9, US no. 10, AUS no. 2) has a sound more like pure piano folk.  Curiously, it is also described as the band’s first EDM (Electronic Dance Music) track with house music influences.  This may be due to the song being co-written by Avicii – who also provides additional keyboards on the song – and Avicii is more associated with dance music.  However, ‘Ghost Stories’ is Chris Martin’s ‘love letter to his former wife’ and Coldplay’s ‘least rock and most electronic album.’  This is borne out in tracks like ‘True Love’ (UK no. 180) where Martin pleads, “Tell me you love me, if you don’t then lie to me” over a soft and hushed backing with an off-centre guitar solo.  Similarly, ‘Ink’ (UK no. 156) uses a skipping rhythm and strummed guitar to convey the sentiment, “All I know is that I love you so / So much that it hurts.”

From June 2014 to June 2015 Coldplay’s frontman Chris Martin is in a romantic relationship with U.S. actress Jennifer Lawrence.  She starred in the series of ‘Hunger Games’ movies including 2013’s ‘Catching Fire’ to which Coldplay contributed the song ‘Atlas’.

‘Ghost Stories Live’ (2014) (UK no. 2, US no. 93), released on 24 November, is another collection of live performances from Coldplay’s latest tour.  Tracks on the set were recorded all around the world in such cities as London, Sydney, Paris, New York, Cologne and Los Angeles.

The gently uplifting ‘Miracles’ (UK no. 95), released on 15 December 2014, is a Coldplay single taken from the soundtrack for the movie ‘Unbroken’ (2014).

In August 2015, Coldplay’s leader Chris Martin begins a romantic relationship with English actress Annabelle Wallis.

‘A Head Full Of Dreams’ (2015) (UK no. 1, US no. 2, AUS no. 2) is the title of the Coldplay album released on 4 December.  This album is co-produced by Rik Simpson and Stargate.  (‘Stargate’ is the name used by the New York based Norwegian songwriting and production team Tor Erik Hermansen and Mikkel Storleer Eriksen.)  The bright, geometric cover art is by Argentinean artist Pilar Zeta and is said to represent the ‘flower of life.’  Coldplay guitarist Jonny Buckland describes the difference between ‘Ghost Stories’ and this album as being like, “Night to the day.”  The first single is the ‘disco-tinged’ ‘Adventure Of A Lifetime’ (UK no. 7, US no. 13, AUS no. 20).  This tropical groove is co-written by Coldplay and Stargate.  The eye-catching video for the song uses CGI (Computer Generated Imagery) to remake the members of Coldplay as chimpanzees.  Actor Andy Serkis, no stranger to CGI characters, serves as motion capture consultant for the video.  Background vocals on ‘Adventure Of A Lifetime’ are provided by Merry Clayton, best known for her backing vocals on the 1969 Rolling Stones song ‘Gimme Shelter’.  ‘Hymn For The Weekend’ (UK no. 6, US no. 25, AUS no. 24) was always planned to be a party track, with vocalist Chris Martin singing, “I’m feeling drunk and high, so high”.  The presence of rhythm and blues / pop queen Beyoncé Knowles on backing vocals does nothing to thwart the mood though, in practice, ‘Hymn For The Weekend’ is more low-key than may be expected.  ‘Up & Up’ (UK no. 71, AUS no. 74) glows with positivity, the backing vocals here giving the tune an almost gospel music feel.  The upbeat title track, ‘A Head Full Of Dreams’ (UK no. 173), embraces life amidst Jonny Buckland’s spidery guitar patterns.  The chanting vocals seem designed for big arenas.  ‘Everglow’ (UK no. 52, AUS no. 93) is a skeletal piano ballad, an ode to resilience, which includes backing vocals by Gwyneth Paltrow, the ex-wife of Coldplay’s Chris Martin, showing they remain on good terms.  Bassist Guy Berryman says of this album, “We wanted to make it a colourful album.  There’s a lot of different styles, so it was us taking every paint in the shop and throwing it at the canvas.”  ‘A Head Full Of Dreams’ may be ‘Coldplay’s poppiest album yet.’

‘A Head Full Of Dreams’ is the first Coldplay studio album since 2002 that does not reach no. 1 in some territories.  Does that trouble the group’s leader Chris Martin?  “I’ve got to practice what I preach in terms of letting go of attachments like that, about caring if you’re no. 1 or everyone loves it or hates it or whatever.  As long as you’re true to yourself what more can you really do?”

The ‘Head Full of Dreams’ tour has Coldplay on the road from 31 March 2016 to 8 October 2017.

Coldplay’s Chris Martin worried a lot.  He dealt with it through yoga and running but he had difficulty sleeping and had to use prescription sedatives.  What was the source of his concerns?  It seemed to be a kind of performance anxiety associated with wanting to ensure that Coldplay’s albums were as good as they could possibly be.  Although the toll this took on him may not seem worth it, under Martin’s stewardship, Coldplay was enormously commercially successful.  “Some people misconstrue our band just to be a commercial venture,” he griped.  “I just want to make the best music of all time with my best friends,” Martin asserted.  ‘The best music of all time’ was a rather high bar to set for personal aspirations, an unrealistic goal.  Coming to terms with doing your best and being ‘true to yourself’ seemed healthier.  Whatever anxiety it stirred up for Chris Martin, Coldplay’s music ironically soothed and comforted many of their fans.  Maybe that end result justified the worries.  Coldplay was ‘one of the few British stadium bands of the twenty-first century.’  They strived to ‘write quality songs and to make music with honesty and passion.’

Sources:

  1. brainyquote.com as at 18 December 2016
  2. wikipedia.org as at 14 December 2016
  3. Notable Names Database – nndb.com – as at 17 December 2016
  4. ‘Daily Mail’ (U.K. newspaper) – ‘Chris Martin Being Comforted by Wife Gwyneth Paltrow Over End of his Parents’ 30-Year Marriage’ by Jody Thompson (4 February 2011) (reproduced on dailymail.co.uk)
  5. ‘Rolling Stone’ (German edition of U.S. music magazine) – ‘Cold Ambition’ by Joachim Hentschel (reprinted in ‘Rolling Stone’ (Australia) Yearbook 2003 – 2004) p. 54, 56
  6. coldplaying.com – post by ‘Victoria’ (11 September 2003)
  7. ‘Daily Telegraph’ (U.K. newspaper) – ‘Sister of Coldplay Star Chris Martin Takes Hard Career Path’ by Tim Walker (21 August 2010) (reproduced on telegraph.co.uk)
  8. biography.net – ‘Chris Martin’ – no author credited – as at 17 December 2016
  9. allmusic.com, ‘Coldplay’ by Mackenzie Wilson (as at 15 March 2004), Andrew Leahy (as at 17 December 2016)
  10. ‘The North Wales Daily Post’ (U.K. newspaper) – ‘Coldplay’s Flintshire-Born Jonny Buckland Celebrates Triple Grammy Success’ – no author credited (18 February 2009) (reproduced on dailypost.co.uk)
  11. gigwise.com – ‘9 Things to Know about the Members of Coldplay who aren’t Chris Martin’ by Alexandra Pollard (31 July 2015)
  12. magazine.ferrari.com – ‘Guy Berryman: A Passion for Ferrari Classiche’ – no author credited (17 October 2016)
  13. last.fm – ‘Biography – Guy Berryman’ – edited by Iselilja – as at 20 December 2016
  14. Internet Movie Database – com – as at 17 December 2016
  15. lorfordsantiques.com – ‘The Interview: At Home with Coldplay’s Guy Berryman’ by ‘Jo’ (11 February 2016)
  16. ‘Select Magazine’ – ‘Chris Martin: “I Though my Hair was Falling Out”’ – interview with Coldplay conducted by Dorian Lynskey (2001) (reproduced on theguardian.com)
  17. whosdatedwho.com as at 16 December 2016
  18. ‘The Daily Echo’ (U.K. newspaper) – ‘Coldplay Drummer Will Champion Remembers his Southampton Roots’ – interview conducted by Sally Churchward (20 December 2011) (reproduced on dailyecho.co.uk)
  19. drummagazine.com – ‘Will Champion: Just Right for Coldplay’ – interview conducted by David Weiss (21 February 2012)
  20. redonline.co.uk – ‘Jo Berryman This Life Interview’ – conducted by Hannah Gilchrist (30 January 2012)
  21. answers.com as at 22 December 2016
  22. ‘The Times-Picayune’ (New Orleans, U.S.A., newspaper) – ‘Guitarist Jonny Buckland Riffs on the Meaning of Life in Coldplay’ – interview conducted by Keith Spera (8 June 2009) (reproduced on blog.nola.com)
  23. thefactsite.com – ‘Fun Facts About Coldplay’ by Zoe Adams – as at 17 December 2016
  24. ‘Parachutes’ – Anonymous sleeve notes (EMI Records Ltd., 2000) p. 7
  25. ‘Friday On My Mind’ by Ed Nimmervoll (Five Mile Press, 2004) p. 214
  26. ‘U.S.A. Today’ (U.S. newspaper) – ‘Coldplay’s Chris Martin Lobbies for Fair Trade’ by Associated Press (13 July 2006) via 2 (above)
  27. ‘A Rush Of Blood To The Head’ – Anonymous sleeve notes (EMI Records Ltd., 2002) p. 6, 7
  28. Google Play Music as at 22 December 2016
  29. ‘The 500 Greatest Albums Of All Time’ – ‘Rolling Stone’ magazine (February 2004) p. 73
  30. noisyplanet.nidcd.nih.gov – ‘Coldplay Singer Chris Martin has Tinnitus and Some Advice of Kids’ – National Institute of Health (22 July 2016)
  31. ‘People’ (U.S. magazine) – ‘How Gwyneth came to name her Baby Apple’ by Stephen R. Silverman (19 May 2004) (reproduced on people.com)
  32. ‘X & Y’ – Anonymous sleeve notes (EMI Records Ltd., 2005) p. 3, 10
  33. ‘Rolling Stone’ (U.S. rock magazine) – ‘Coldplay’s Chris Martin Gets Personal: Inside the New Issue’ – no author credited (8 February 2016) (reproduced on rollingstone.com)
  34. ‘Viva La Vida Or Death And All Of His Friends’ – Anonymous sleeve notes (EMI Records Ltd, 2008) p. 3
  35. google.com as at 22 December 2016
  36. ‘Mylo Xyloto’ – Anonymous sleeve notes (EMI Records Ltd, 2011) p. 11
  37. ‘Herald Sun’ (Melbourne, Australia, newspaper) – ‘Martin’s Place’ – interview with Chris Martin conducted by Cameron Adams (24 December 2015) p. 37
  38. popcrush.com – ‘Coldplay’s Chris Martin Seeks Professional Help for Sleep Therapy’ by Alanna Conway (4 January 2012)
  39. ‘The Daily Mirror’ (U.K. newspaper) – ‘Coldplay Bassist Guy Berryman Engaged to Dutch Model Keshia Gerrits’ by Hannah Hope, Jess Wilson (24 March 2014) (reproduced on mirror.co.uk)
  40. ‘Herald Sun’ (Melbourne, Australia, newspaper) – ‘Enjoy the Year’s Biggest Stadium Tour at Home’ – review of ‘Coldplay Live 2012’ by Cameron Adams (15 November 2012)
  41. ‘Herald Sun’ (Melbourne, Australia, newspaper) – ‘The Sound of a Broken Heart’ – review of ‘Ghost Stories’ by Cameron Adams (15 May 2014) p. 40
  42. ‘Herald Sun’ (Melbourne, Australia, newspaper) – Review of ‘A Head Full Of Dreams’ by Cameron Adams (3 December 2015) p. 42

 

Song lyrics copyright BMG Music Publishing Ltd (2000-2005), Universal Music Publishing MGB Ltd. (2008-2015)

 

Last revised 3 January 2017

 

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s