T-Rex

 T-Rex

 Marc Bolan – circa 1972

 “Life is the same and it always will be / Easy as picking foxes from a tree” – ’Solid Gold Easy Action’ (Marc Bolan)

Marc Bolan is probably a bit tipsy.  He and his lady friend, Gloria Jones, have been out to dinner.  ‘After much merriment’, Gloria drives them home.  Marc loves cars but has never learned to drive.  Around four a.m. on 16 September 1977, the couple get into Gloria’s purple Mini 1275 GT (license plate no. FOX661L) and begin to travel into the night.  The car is on Queen Ride at the southern edge of Barnes Common in South London.  While crossing a hump-backed bridge, Gloria Jones loses control of the vehicle.  It smashes through a fence and hits a sycamore tree.  Neither occupant of the vehicle is wearing a seat belt.  Gloria Jones suffers a broken arm and jaw.  The passenger side of the Mini takes the brunt of the impact.  Marc Bolan, the British rock star who found fame with his band T-Rex, is killed instantly.  The cause of death is shock and haemorrhage due to multiple injuries.  Marc Bolan was 29.

The story of T-Rex is really the story of Marc Bolan.

Marc Bolan (30 September 1947 – 16 September 1977) is born Mark Feld at Hackney Hospital, London, England.  His parents are Simeon Feld and Phyllis Winifred Feld (nee Atkins).  Simeon Feld is a lorry driver (i.e. a truck driver).  He is Jewish and comes from a Russian/Polish heritage.  Simeon and Phyllis have another child, Mark’s elder brother, Harry Leonard Feld (born 25 June 1945).  Mark is named after his late paternal uncle.

The Feld family live at Stoke, Newington, at first but they later move to Wimbledon in south east London.  Mark falls in love with rock ‘n’ roll.  He receives his first guitar when he is 9 years old.  “I started as a poet,” he will later claim.  “I wrote when I was about 9.”

Marc Bolan – or Mark Feld as he is still known at this time – is expelled from school for ‘bad behaviour’ when he is 15.  Formal education perhaps offers him little because ‘even as a teenager he is already seeking fame.’  “I used to wash up in a Wimpy [hamburger] bar,” Marc recalls of his early employment.  A handsome youth, the five feet, one inch (one point six-five metres) teen joins a modelling agency.  He wears John Temple suits in the catalogue for that menswear firm.  In 1964, Mark records his first single, ‘All At Once’ (not written by the performer).  He experiments with new identities, taking the name Toby Tyler.  Since his early attempts to break into the music business are not very successful, Mark tries his hand at acting.  He gets small character parts in British television series such as ‘Orlando’ (1965).

When trying to get back into music, Mark Feld a.k.a. Toby Tyler changes his name again.  “The first person who really turned me on…was [1960s folk rock singer and songwriter] Bob Dylan,” Marc later states.  Some believe that the new surname of Bolan is a contraction of Bob Dylan.  Another theory is that the name is inspired by his roommate at the time, fellow aspiring actor James Bolam.  Thus Mark Feld becomes Marc Bolland, then Marc Boland, and finally Marc Bolan.  “I don’t know what I am or where I’m from,” Marc later shrugs.  “I just know I’m not from here.”

Marc Bolan’s first single (under that name) is ‘The Wizard’, released by Decca Records on 19 November 1965.  He cuts some more material at this time, such as ‘You Scare Me To Death’, but these recordings go unreleased at this point.  Marc Bolan’s recording career stalls.  His next move is to join an already existing band called John’s Children.

The group that becomes John’s Children is formed in 1965 as Clockwork Onions.  The founders are Andy Ellison (vocals) and Chris Townson (drums).  The embryonic band becomes The Few.  By the time this mutates into The Silence, the line-up is Andy Ellison (vocals), Geoff McClelland (guitar), John Hewlett (bass) and Chris Townson (drums).  In mid-1966 The Silence meets Simon Napier-Bell, the manager of The Yardbirds, a considerably more famous British rock band.  Napier-Bell takes on the The Silence as clients and renames the group John’s Children.

Simon Napier-Bell has already met Marc Bolan and been impressed with the handsome and ambitious young man.  According to Napier-Bell, he slept with Marc Bolan.  The manager claims Bolan was really bisexual but never came out publicly about his sexuality.

In March 1967 Marc Bolan replaces Geoff McClelland in John’s Children.  Andy Ellison is still the group’s nominal lead singer, but Marc Bolan generally takes the lead vocals for his own compositions which make up about half of the band’s output.  Marc Bolan’s songs with John’s Children are ‘Desdemona’ (May 1967) and ‘Go Go Girl’ (October 1967).  John’s Children break-up later in 1967.

Marc Bolan exits from John’s Children before their break-up, departing around August 1967 (‘Go Go Girl’ is released after he leaves).

Marc Bolan records some songs for Track Records, but these are shelved.  Years later, they are issued as the album ‘Beginning Of Doves’ (1974).

Plans are made for a new five-piece rock band but these plans fall apart, legend has it, ‘when the hire purchase company repossesses the equipment.’  What is left is an acoustic duo called Tyrannosaurus Rex (after a famous dinosaur).  Consisting of Marc Bolan (vocals, guitar) and Steve Peregrine Took (percussion) (born Stephen Ross Porter in Eltham, London (28 July 1949 – 27 October 1980)).  Tyrannosaurus Rex is founded in August 1967.

In 1968 Marc Bolan begins dating June Child.  The couple marry on 30 January 1970.

Signed to the Regal Zonophone label, Tyrannosaurus Rex’s first single is ‘Debora’ (UK no. 34) in May 1968.  Another single is issued in 1968, ‘One Inch Rock’ (UK no. 28).  Tony Visconti begins a lengthy association with Marc Bolan, acting as his record producer from 1968 to 1974.  There are two Tyrannosaurus Rex albums released in 1968: ‘My People Were Fair And Had Sky In Their Hair…But Now They’re Content To Wear Stars On Their Brows’ (1968) (UK no. 15) in July and ‘Prophets, Seers And Sages, The Angels Of The Ages’ (1968) in October.  These discs are ‘acoustic folksy-rock…full of elves, fairies and flower power philosophy.’

‘The Warlock of Love’ (1969) is a book of Marc Bolan’s poetry published in March 1969 by Lupus Music.

Marc Bolan sees Gloria Jones for the first time in 1969.  The African-American singer is part of a production of the musical ‘Hair’ which is touring the U.K.  Gloria Jones recorded the original of ‘Tainted Love’, a song written by Ed Cobb, in 1964.  British synth pop duo Soft Cell will have a hit in 1981 with a version of ‘Tainted Love’.

‘Unicorn’ (1969) (UK no. 12), released in May, is the next album for Tyrannosaurus Rex.  The single, ‘King Of The Rumbling Spires’ (UK no. 44), released in July 1969, is the first by the act to feature electric guitar.  It is a pointer to the future.

In September 1969 Steve Peregrine Took quits Tyrannosaurus Rex.  He is ‘disenchanted with his inability to stamp his own personality on the duo’s work’ – but then Tyrannosaurus Rex was always going to be Marc Bolan’s vehicle.  The duo format is retained with new percussionist Mickey Finn starting in October 1969.  He is born Michael Norman Finn (3 June 1947 – 11 January 2003).  Bolan met Mickey Finn in a health food restaurant.

The new Tyrannosaurus Rex – Marc Bolan and Mickey Finn – releases ‘Beard Of Stars’ (1970) (UK no. 21) in March.  This time Bolan plays electric guitar on several tracks.

In October 1970 Tyrannosaurus Rex changes its name to the abbreviated T-Rex and a new era begins.

T-Rex is a glam rock band.  Tyrannosaurus Rex had been an acoustic, hippie act.  T-Rex is a different beast.  There is a fairly credible claim that T-Rex is the very first glam rock act.  Even if that is not accepted, T-Rex swiftly becomes part of a wave of glam rock acts that includes David Bowie, Roxy Music and Slade.  So what is glam rock?  The name is derived from ‘glamour’ – and that is their immediate visual trademark.  Turning away from rock’s jeans and t-shirt attire, the glam rock acts favour colourful shiny satins, sequinned jump-suits and filmy scarves.  Marc Bolan is noted for wearing a ‘top hat, feather boa and platform shoes.’  Marc’s background as a male model, combined with his pixie-like looks, makes him a natural fit for this show business razzamatazz.  Just as importantly, the generally androgynous male glam rock stars wear more make-up than is customary for men by the social standards of the time.  “Guys can wear make-up,” Bolan declares.  “They can shout and scream.”  Musically, glam is a sort of super-charged 1970s version of Chuck Berry’s good-time 1950s rock ‘n’ roll.  It is – usually – simple and encourages a sing-a-long.  Glam has big, thumping drums and thick, loud electric guitar chords.

Almost all of T-Rex’s songs are written by Marc Bolan.  His inspirations are listed as the 1950s King of Rock ‘n’ Roll, Elvis Presley; Britain’s ‘answer’ to Elvis, Cliff Richard; 1960s American pop group, The Beach Boys; Britain’s biggest 1960s pop group, The Beatles; and folk rock icon from the U.S.A., Bob Dylan.  “I’m a cross between a lot of people,” Bolan admits.  Although the children’s story motifs are downplayed a little in the transition from Tyrannosaurus Rex to T-Rex, they are still very much in evidence.  “I’m still a little kid.  I just do what I want to do,” says Bolan.  “I mean, I am my own fantasy.”  When asked if he believes in magic, Bolan edges around the question: “Rock ‘n’ roll is magic.  The elements are magic.  What is magic is the power of the human being to relate to another human being…When you fall in love that’s magic.”

The new T-Rex makes its recording debut in December 1970.  The single, ‘Ride A White Swan’ (UK no. 2, US no. 76), becomes a surprise hit.  To a nodding rhythm, Bolan’s ‘distinctive, otherworldly vibrato’ intones, “Wear a tall hat like a druid in the old days / Wear a tall hat and a tattooed gown / Ride a white swan / Like the people of the Beltane / Wear your hair long, babe, you can’t go wrong.”  The Beltane are witches and pagans; it’s an old Gaelic term.  On paper the lyrics sound vaguely sinister and supernatural, but Marc Bolan’s guileless delivery coupled with a sense of playfulness actually makes it endearing.  Although ‘Ride A White Swan’ is not included on the album ‘T-Rex’ (1970) (UK no. 13, US no. 183), also released in December, this album cements the act’s new approach.  This and the next album are released on the Fly label in the U.K., Reprise in the U.S.

T-Rex becomes a band, rather than a duo.  In December 1970 they take on Steve Currie (bass) (19 May 1947 – 28 April 1981) and in March 1971 add Bill Legend (drums) (born William Arthur Fifield, 8 May 1944).

Beginning on 27 March 1971, T-Rex’s next single, ‘Hot Love’ (UK no. 1, US no. 12, AUS no. 5), tops the U.K. singles chart for five weeks.  The song has a clip-clopping rhythm.  Marc Bolan’s familiar lyrical fairy dust is still being sprinkled about: “Well, she ain’t no witch and I love the way she twitch, a ha ha.”  However there is a growing devotion to pure pop music in evidence as well.  “I’m her two-penny prince and I give her hot love, a ha ha,” he claims before the song dissolves into a mantra of “La-la-la-la-la-la-la.”

On a Thursday night in March 1971 T-Rex appears on the British television program ‘Top of the Pops.’  ‘To alleviate pre-show jitters, Marc Bolan paints some glitter around his eyes.’  This may be considered the moment in which glam rock is born.  Bolan claims he just forgot to wash off the eye make-up before taking to the stage, but this is questionable.  In any case, Bolan’s fans – and peers – are soon imitating him.

Over the next few months, the popularity of T-Rex grows enormously.  This is particularly true for the teenybopper audience, girls aged in their early teens.  “Every five years something like this happens,” Marc Bolan muses.  “Five years ago it was The Beatles.  This five years it’s T-Rex.  In five years’ time, it’ll be…” and his voice trails away.  “We play for the kids who never saw The Beatles, never saw [colourful guitar legend] Jimi Hendrix.  They’re seeing us as those sort of people because, you know, they weren’t around then.  The average age of the audience is 15, 16.”  Marc Bolan, who sought fame when he was 15, 16, now laps up the attention he receives.

‘Get It On (Bang A Gong)’ (UK no. 1, US no. 10) is T-Rex’s finest single.  It tops the British charts for two weeks beginning on 31 July 1971.  Where ‘Ride A White Swan’ and ‘Hot Love’ were politely poppy, this is full on grinding rock, but loses none of the catchy, popular appeal of those earlier efforts.  This means it is more emblematic of T-Rex – and glam rock in general.  Bolan still trots out the mythological, fantasy references (“You’ve got the teeth of the hydra upon you” and “With your cloak full of eagles”), but they are now buttressed with a welcome grittiness (“You’re dirty sweet and you’re my girl”).  ‘Get It On’ also shows Bolan branching into more personal lyrics, words that are virtually nonsensical unless you are willing to enter into his spirit of whimsy: “Well, you’re built like a car / You’ve got a hub-cap diamond star halo.”  This sort of thing will become increasingly commonplace in T-Rex tunes.  Combining magic, raunch and Bolan’s own ineffable style makes ‘Get It On (Bang A Gong)’ the definitive T-Rex song.  (Note: There is a common fallacy that fellow glam rocker Elton John plays piano on ‘Get It On’.  This is born from Elton miming playing piano when he appears with T-Rex in a performance of this song on ‘Top of the Pops’ in December 1971.  He does not play on the actual recording.)

‘Electric Warrior’ (1971) (UK no. 1, US no. 32), released in September, is the best T-Rex album.  In addition to ‘Get It On’, this disc includes T-Rex’s next single, the kinetic ‘Jeepster’ (UK no. 2, AUS no. 16).  “’Cause you’re my baby, ‘cause you’re my love / Oh girl, I’m just a jeepster for your love,” sings Marc Bolan.  What is a jeepster?  A jeep driver?  Who knows?  It’s another indecipherable Bolan-ism.  By the last verse, it changes to “Oh girl, I’m just a vampire for your love,” to which he adds, “I’m gonna suck ya!”  There are still traces of Bolan’s hippie phase (“You’ve got the universe reclining in your hair”) as well as his more whimsical turn of phrase (“I’ll call you jaguar / If I may be so bold”).  Also present on this disc is the softer and more expansive acoustic track ‘Cosmic Dancer’; the hollow beats and scraping, rusty guitar of ‘The Motivator’; and the loping sigh of ‘Lean Woman Blues’.  “I tend to play a lot of blues things at home,” Marc Bolan confesses.  With a  couple of great singles and a selection of more musically diverse pieces, ‘Electric Warrior’ best captures T-Rex at the height of their fame and creativity.

T-Rex score their third U.K. no. 1 single with ‘Telegram Sam’ (UK no. 1, US no. 67, AUS no. 35) on 5 February 1972.  In this funky metal outing, the title character is acclaimed with the words, “You’re my main man.”  Lip service is also paid to “Purple pipe Pete” and “Jungle faced Jake,” but another character is even more interesting.  “Bobby’s all right / He’s a natural born poet / He’s clean out of sight.”  Given Marc Bolan’s high regard for Bob Dylan, could this be a nod to the American master songwriter?

‘Metal Guru’ (UK no. 1, AUS no. 13) is T-Rex’s fourth and final U.K. no. 1, topping the singles charts for four weeks from 13 May to 3 June 1972.  “Metal guru, is it you?” Marc Bolan asks in this anthemic number.  “Metal guru, has it been / Just like a silver studded sabre-tooth dream,” he sings in the characteristically spacey lyrics.

‘The Slider’ (1972) (UK no. 4, US no. 17), released in July, contains both ‘Telegram Sam’ and ‘Metal Guru’.  With this album, T-Rex moves to EMI in the U.K.  ‘Rock On’ inches along in flaunting style, while the title track, ‘The Slider’, is a slow motion groove.  In the latter, Marc Bolan insists, “I have never, never kissed a car before / It’s like a door.”  Taken in combination, ‘Electric Warrior’ and ‘The Slider’ make up the heart of T-Rex’s oeuvre.

T-Rex score two more hits in 1972, the one-off singles ‘Children Of The Revolution’ (UK no. 2, AUS no. 3) and ‘Solid Gold Easy Action’ (UK no. 2).  ‘Children Of The Revolution’ is more musically ambitious, pairing a grandiose string section with Marc Bolan’s distorted guitar work.  “Well you can bump and grind, if it’s good for your mind / You can twist and shout, let it all hang out / But you won’t fool the children of the revolution,” Bolan asserts, referencing The Isley Brothers’ 1962 song ‘Twist And Shout’, popularised by The Beatles in 1963.  In similar fashion, “You can terraplane in the falling rain / I drive a Rolls-Royce ‘cos it’s good for my voice,” contains a nod to blues artist Robert Johnson’s ‘Terraplane Blues’ from 1936 (as well as further proof of Marc’s automobile fixation – a trait also to be found in Johnson’s song).  ‘Solid Gold Easy Action’ also features violins and cellos but, in this case, pits them against a stuttering beat.

‘Born to Boogie’ (1972), a documentary about Marc Bolan and T-Rex, premieres in London on 14 December 1972.  Directed by ex-Beatle Ringo Starr, the movie examines the phenomenon of T-Rex’s popularity and includes footage of a concert in Wembley, England, on 20 March 1972.

The album ‘Tanx’ (1973) (UK no. 4, US no. 102), released in January, starts the New Year for T-Rex.  The best of the singles for 1973 is ‘20th Century Boy’ (UK no. 3), a caustic riff filled with explosive power.  “I move like a cat / charge like a ram / sting like a bee / Babe, I want to be your man,” petitions Marc Bolan in this song, declaring “Well it’s plain to see / You were meant for me / I’m your boy / Your twentieth century toy.”  The chugging locomotive force of ‘The Groover’ (UK no. 4) begins with the group’s name spelled out letter by letter in a chant.  In ‘The Groover’, Bolan tips his top hat again, this time to the director of ‘Born to Boogie’, Ringo Starr (born Richard Starkey): “Some call me Starkey / Some call me stud.”  The other 1973 single is ‘Truck On (Tyke)’ (UK no. 12).

T-Rex adds two new members in July 1973: Gloria Jones (backing vocals) (born Gloria Richetta Jones, 19 October 1945 in Cincinnati, Ohio) and Jack Green (guitar) (born 12 March 1951).

‘Soon after’ joining T-Rex, Gloria Jones becomes romantically involved with Marc Bolan.  In September 1973 Bolan separates from his wife, June Child, but the couple never officially divorce.  Marc Bolan and Gloria Jones go on to have a son together, Rolan Bolan (born 26 September 1975) – though his birth certificate actually reads Rolan Seymour Feld.

T-Rex, in their new expanded form, undertakes a six week tour of the U.S.A. beginning on 20 July 1973.

In November 1973 yet more members are added to T-Rex: Dino Dines (keyboards) (born Peter Leslie Dines, 17 December 1944 – 28 January 2004) and Davy Lutton (drums).

Beginning in 1974 the name of the act is amended to Marc Bolan And T-Rex.  The first products to bear that credit are February’s album ‘Zinc Alloy And The Hidden Riders Of Tomorrow’ (1974) (UK no. 12) and the single from that album, ‘Teenage Dream’ (UK no. 13).  This song ‘chronicles [Bolan’s own] fall from grace.’

‘Light Of Love’ (1974) (US no. 205) in August is released by Casablanca in the U.S. only.  It comprises material from ‘Zinc Alloy’ and T-Rex’s next album.

Drummer Bill Legend leaves T-Rex in November 1974.  With another drummer and a percussionist already in the group, he is not replaced.

‘Bolan’s Zip-Gun’ (1975) is issued in February.  With this set, Marc Bolan replaces Tony Visconti as T-Rex’s record producer.  The album includes two singles from 1974, ‘Light Of Love’ (UK no. 22) (that was used as the title track for the U.S. only album) and ‘Zip Gun Boogie’ (UK no. 41).  Bolan’s longest-running collaborator in T-Rex, percussionist Mickey Finn, exits in February 1975.

Marc Boland And T-Rex take on ‘an Americanised soul punk’ tone.  1975 singles are ‘New York City’ (UK no. 15) and ‘Dreamy Lady’ (UK no. 30).  The latter is actually credited to T-Rex Disco Party.  Both of these songs are included on ‘Futuristic Dragon’ (1976) (UK no. 50) released in January.  The single ‘London Boys’ (UK no. 40) is released in 1976.  This is followed by one of the better latter day T-Rex songs, ‘I Love To Boogie’ (UK no. 13), a goosed-along rock song that almost has a country music inflection.  ‘Laser Love’ (UK no. 41) is the other 1976 single for Marc Bolan and company.  Bassist Steve Currie, drummer Davy Lutton and backing vocalist Gloria Jones all leave T-Rex in August 1976 (though, of course, Gloria Jones remains part of Marc Bolan’s personal life).

A revised version of T-Rex is launched in August 1976.  The new look band consists of: Marc Bolan (vocals, guitar), Miller Anderson (guitar) (born 12 April 1945), Dino Dines (keyboards), Herbie Flowers (bass) (born Brian Keith Flowers, 19 May 1938) and Tony Newman (drums) (born Richard Anthony Newman, 17 March 1943).

‘Dandy In The Underworld’ (1977) (UK no. 26) in January includes ‘I Love To Boogie’.  ‘The Soul Of My Suit’ (UK no. 42) in 1977 is followed by two non-charting singles, the title track of ‘Dandy In The Underworld’ and ‘Celebrate Summer’.  By this time Marc Bolan is trying to portray himself as an ‘elder brother’ to the emergent punk / new wave acts (the dominant force of the next five year cycle Marc Bolan had earlier predicted?).  In August 1977 Marc Bolan starts writing a weekly column for the U.K. music newspaper ‘Record Mirror’ and ‘hosts his own television variety show, “Marc”’, whose guests include David Bowie and Generation X.

On 16 September 1977 Marc Bolan dies in a car accident.  This, of course, spells the end for T-Rex.

Did Marc Bolan foresee his own death?  There are some disturbing omens.  The line from ‘Solid God Easy Action’ that says, “Life is the same as it always will be / Easy as picking foxes from a tree” is mirrored in the circumstances of his demise.  Gloria Jones’ purple Mini – number plate FOX 661L- wound up wrapped around a sycamore tree.  The title of Bolan’s final album, ‘Dandy In The Underworld’, could be interpreted as a depiction of his own afterlife.  In one interview he claimed, “I feel there is a curse on rock stars.”  In a 1972 television interview, Bolan is asked to imagine what his life will be like when he is 40 or 60.  After a moment or two of silence he quietly responds that he doesn’t think he will live that long.

There are three posthumous Marc Bolan albums.  ‘You Scare Me To Death’ (1981) consists of outtakes and demos from 1966.  The title track is one of Bolan’s more amusing songs (“You scare me to death / With your horrible breath”).  ‘Billy Super Duper’ (1982) is drawn from material recorded between 1972 and 1977.  ‘Dance In The Midnight’ (1983) completes the clean-out of the vaults with previously unreleased songs from the early to mid-1970s.

Time and circumstance witness the passing of other former members of T-Rex.  Percussionist Steve Peregrine Took dies aged 31 on 27 October 1980.  His death is due to asphyxiation after inhaling a cocktail cherry, but it is often listed as due to ‘drugs misadventure.’  Bassist Steve Currie dies in a car crash on 28 April 1981.  He was 33.  Percussionist Mickey Finn dies on 11 January 2003 from alcohol-related liver problems.  He was 65.  Keyboardist Dino Dines passes away on 28 January 2004.  The cause of death for the 69 year old is a heart attack.

A car crash killed Marc Bolan.  It is arguable whether, if Bolan lived, he could ever have become a force in popular music again.  It is equally debatable how significant his works were from 1965 to 1969 and 1974 to 1977.  What is less up for discussion is the commercial impact of T-Rex during 1970 to 1973.  This also seems to be Bolan’s most creatively fertile period – with no disrespect to those who favour a different era or see Bolan’s career as a whole as a golden age.  ‘In a reversal of late-1960s pop’s artful pose, [Marc] Bolan traded in his cult status for superstar acclaim.’  T-Rex was a ‘primary force in glam rock.’

Sources:

  1. ultimateclassicrock.com – ‘Marc Bolan – Famous Musicians Who Correctly Predicted Their Own Death’ by Michael Gallucci, as at 7 July 2014
  2. findadeath.com – Marc Bolan – no author credited – as at 7 July 2014
  3. Internet movie database imdb.com as at 7 July 2014
  4. wikipedia.org as at 12 May 2014
  5. Notable names database – nndb.com – as at 12 May 2014
  6. ‘Aquarius’ (U.K. television program, London Weekend Television) – Marc Bolan interview conducted by Russell Harty (1972)
  7. ‘Pop Quest 1975’ (U.K. television program, Yorkshire Television) – Marc Bolan interview conducted by Steve Merike (1975)
  8. allmusic.com, ‘T-Rex’ by Stephen Thomas Erlewine as at 16 June 2014
  9. ‘The Illustrated New Musical Express Encyclopedia of Rock’ by Nick Logan, Bob Woffinden (Salamander Books, 1978) p. 36
  10. whosdatedwho.com as at 30 June 2014
  11. ‘The Illustrated Rock Handbook’ edited by Roxanne Streeter, Ray Bonds (Salamander Books, 1983) p. 28
  12. goodreads.com as at 7 July 2014
  13. ‘The History of Rock’ by Mark Paytress (Parragon Books, 2011) p. 150, 152
  14. Marc Bolan interview (U.K. television, a news program?) (1973?)
  15. brainyquote.com as at 30 June 2014
  16. lyricsfreak.com as at 4 July 2014
  17. ‘Rolling Stone Rock Almanac’ by the Editors of ‘Rolling Stone’ magazine (Papermac, 1984) p. 184, 185, 188, 189, 197, 198, 200, 201, 207, 216
  18. ‘Friday On My Mind’ by Ed Nimmervoll (Five Mile Press, 2004) p. 93
  19. ‘Rock Stars’ by Timothy White (Columbus Books, 1984) p. 31, 33, 35
  20. sing365.com as at 4 July 2014
  21. ‘Solid Gold Easy Action – T-Rex 20 Golden Greats’ – Anonymous sleeve notes (EMI Music Group Australasia, 1991) p. 3

Song lyrics copyright EMI Music Group Australasia

Last revised 24 July 2014

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